Mythical Santorini in Greece
The Greek archipelago of Santorini rests in the shimmering Aegean Sea. South of the island of Ios and north of Crete lies the archipelago in a divided circular shape that encloses an 11-kilometer-wide lagoon. As a historic volcanic island, Santorini offers both dizzying nature experiences and a well-preserved cultural heritage. In addition, the archipelago offers a variety of entertainment with a lively selection of wine and food, outdoor life and idyllic beaches.
Santorini is named after St. Irene, who is the protector of the main island. There is also a church on the island named after the saint.
Born out of a volcanic eruption
Santorini got its characteristic shape after a volcanic eruption that occurred in the 17th century BC. The former volcanic island was thus transformed into a crater-shaped archipelago. The eastern and crescent-shaped island of Thera, or Thira after the neo-Greek pronunciation, is separated by a 2 km wide strait from the western island of Therasia. Together with the rocky island of Aspronisi and the uninhabited volcanoes of the central islands of Nea Kameni and Palea Kameni, they form a 90 km2 landmass that reflects the dizzying history of the place. The result of the volcanic eruption is a rare beautiful nature. The islands are bordered by a dramatically varied coastline, from steep cliffs rising from the sea to unusual black, red and white volcanic beaches. The islands are also distinguished by the well-preserved ruins and traces of the earlier civilization preserved by the volcanic eruption. Santorini is truly a destination for those who want to experience a place beyond the ordinary.
There are many theories that Santorini would be the site of the mythical city of Atlantis that should have sunk into the sea. The Greek philosopher Plato has, among other things, written about this in texts from 360 BC.
In ancient times, Santorini was called Strogili, which means "rounded".